Glossary for FX Crate Academy

Welcome to the world of special effects makeup. There’s a lot to learn. 

So we made this handy glossary for you. Check it out.

Core must-haves for your kit:

Concealer pallet

Press powder

Anti-shine

Razor/buzzer (trim beards, clean shaven, etc.)

Brush cleaners/disinfectants

99% alcohol

Foundations 

Set bag(for film) to do touch-ups 

Beauty makeup

Capes (barber cape) 

Brushes(full brush set that rolls up) Bdellium brushes. Good for effects/beauty 

Expendables(sponges, q-tips)

Set up towels(piece of paper to keep things clean.)

Note: Most jobs are going to be 75% regular makeup and only a quarter will be effects.

Sculpting Tools

Rake – Used to create little grooves in clay to break up and soften it. Use this to fine tune the shape of your creation.

Texture Stamps — For creating textured surfaces like scales, skin, etc. Helpful for finishing touches and blending edges. 

Calipers – Used to measure distance between two sides. Making sure features are evenly placed.

Loop and Ribbon Tools – For cutting deeper grooves into clay. Helpful for setting basic structure of your look. 

Needle Tools – Used to create textures. 

Clay Cutter – A tool that easily cuts blocks of clay. 

Slab Rollers and Rolling Pins – Used for flattening out clay. 

Sponges – Used to smooth out surfaces or use for textures.


Blenders  

Silicone/Beauty Blender – Made for textures or blending edges.

Brushes

Contouring – Good for contouring face. Applying a light foundation can make your face lighter or darker.

Lip Brush – Brushing on lips for lipstick.

Brow Brushes – A brush used to color or shape brow.

Lash Brushes – Usually disposable. Made for adding definition to your lashes.

Eye Liner Brushes/Angle Brushes – Good for eyeliner, or even small details like painting little veins.

Blush Brushes – Used to apply blush.

Powder Brushes – Used to powder areas.


Makeup

Base Makeup – Used to blend edges and set a skin tone

Cream Makeup – Used for highlights, special effects (cuts, burns, etc).

Bronzers – Powder to give tan tones.

Alcohol Activated – Makeup that requires alcohol to activate.

Water Based – Used for face and body.

Concealers  – Made to hide features like bruises, cuts, etc. 

Adhesives/Removers

Spirit Gum – Alcohol based adhesive used to hold prosthetics.

Spirit Gum Remover – Used to remove spirit gum adhesive from skin.

Pros-aid – Water based adhesive to adhere prosthetics to the skin.

Pros-aid Remover – Used to remove pros-aid adhesive from the skin.

Techniques

Stippling – Used to create a pattern on skin, like creating a 5 o’clock shadow.

Tip: Get a sponge and pat instead of brushing. Helpful for creating bruises, etc. 

Shadowing – Create dimensions, highlights and shadows. More toward you makes a highlight. More sunken makes a shadow. This is what makeup artists use to change the shape of the face.

Tip: Look in mirror, observe, look for spots on your face that are more outward looking (brows, cheeks, bridge of nose, etc.). Put a nice clean foundation with a sponge on your face, especially by the eyes. Take darker tones and go under cheek bones, on sides of nose, temples, and under your chin. Make darker with a couple shades deeper than your skin tone. Go a couple tones lighter than flesh tone to put on brow, nose, tip of chin.

Contouring - Like shadowing but less subtle. Good for noses, brows, cheek bones. If you want to pump up cheeks and noses.

Terminology

Edges – Refers to edges of prosthetics.

Blending – Blending in prosthetics or features of makeup.

Contrast – The difference between two items/shades/color in makeup. 

Color in the face – More blush, more color, etc

Tones – Tones of skin, make darker or lighter

Corrective makeup – Correcting small details, blemishes, under eye bags, to make look natural.

Natural looking – Make them look natural.

Glam – Use makeup to make them look artificially more beautiful . Opposite of natural over the top.